Glaucoma affects more than 2.7 million Americans over 40. This serious eye disease is one of the most common reasons that men and women lose their sight, making regular glaucoma screenings and early intervention treatments crucial. Skilled optometrist Farrah A. Khoja, OD, the eye doctor at Vision Source of Crystal Falls in Leander, Texas, is a licensed optometric glaucoma specialist who’s ready to help. Book your appointment online or by phone now.
Glaucoma is a serious eye disease in which optic nerve damage causes partial to complete vision loss. Usually, glaucoma is triggered by inadequate internal eye fluid drainage, which triggers the fluid accumulation, increasing pressure inside the eye and damaging the optic nerve. Less commonly, glaucoma can develop with normal eye pressure.
The reason that your eye drainage system becomes blocked or partly blocked isn't certain. Sometimes, an injury or tumor can trigger elevated pressure in the eye and potentially contribute to glaucoma. It's also uncertain why some patients develop glaucoma with normal eye pressure, although decreased blood flow to your optic nerve might contribute.
Age is one of the main risk factors. Glaucoma typically appears after age 40. Other risk factors include:
If you suffer from conditions like diabetes, high blood pressure, or circulatory issues, your glaucoma risk if often increased.
You should have regular glaucoma screenings based on Dr. Khoja's recommendations. She recommends a screening frequency based on your risk factors, age, overall health, and other factors specific to you.
Your periodic eye exams commonly include a check of your internal eye pressure, an optic nerve exam, and a visual field exam to help detect glaucoma.
Open-angle glaucoma, the most common kind, is often symptomless. It can very slowly take your vision without you even realizing it. Angle-closure glaucoma, a rarer form of glaucoma, comes on suddenly and can cause blurry vision, halos around lights, and eye pain.
The earlier it's diagnosed, the better you can control it. With early diagnosis, Dr. Khoja can help you prevent further vision loss. If you don't get treatment, you'll lose peripheral vision and, eventually, central vision, so complete blindness can result without treatment.
Daily prescription eye drops can often slow glaucoma’s development and prevent further damage. Depending on how advanced your glaucoma is, Dr. Khoja could recommend laser treatment or surgery. If you need either, she refers you to an experienced ophthalmologist and then co-manages your care.
For glaucoma help, use online scheduling or call Vision Source of Crystal Falls now.